Definitions and Sexual Assault Resources

Sexual Assault is a term used to describe any type of sexual activity committed by one person without the consent of the other. It involves the use of threats, force, or violence, or any other form of coercion or intimidation. Sexual contact with a person who is unable to give consent is also considered sexual assault. This includes, but is not limited to, a person who is asleep, under the influence of drugs or alcohol, or otherwise impaired. Sexual assault violates a person's feeling of trust and safety. Types of sexual assault include:

  • Rape is the non-consensual penetration orally, anally, or vaginally by genitalia, foreign objects, or other body parts.
  • Acquaintance Rape is non-consensual sexual activity where the victim knows the perpetrator.
  • Child Sexual Abuse is any sexual activity perpetrated against a child by threat, force, intimidation, or manipulation.
  • Incest is child sexual abuse by a person the child perceives as a member of the family.
  • Sexual Harassment is any unwelcome requests for sexual favors, unwelcome advances, and any other verbal or non-verbal conduct of a sexual nature. There are two types of sexual harassment defined under federal law - "quid pro quo" and "hostile environment":
    • Quid pro Quo: Translates into "This for That" from Latin. Applies when a person in a power position makes decisions that effect a person's job or educational benefits based on whether the employee or student complies with his or her demands. This can include but is not limited too: jobs, grades, rewards, and positions on a sports team.
       
    • Hostile Environment: Applies when the harassing behavior of anyone- not only a supervisor or instructor- makes an environment hostile, intimidating, or offensive. This type of sexual harassment consists of a pattern of behaviors that interferes with a person's normal functioning. This can include but is not limited too: jokes, comments, gestures and touches.

Consent is an active agreement to do something. Children can never give consent for sex. Consent is only possible when there is equal power. "Accepting" or "giving in" from fear is NOT consent. If you cannot say "no" comfortably, then "yes" has no meaning. If someone gives you alcohol or drugs so they can have sex with you, that is a crime.